UNGA Sustainable Tourism Resolutions

The World Tourism Organization is regularly preparing reports for the General Assembly of the United Nations providing updates on sustainable tourism policies both from UNWTO member States and States Members of the United Nations, as well as relevant agencies and programmes of the United Nations system.
 
The following provides an overview on the reports prepared and the corresponding resolutions of the UN General Assembly:
 
Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection (A/73/274) 
 
In July 2018, UNWTO submitted to the 73rd UNGA, the report on the "Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection" (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish). The report features the advances in sustainable tourism policies made since 2016 and includes recommendations on ways and means to promote sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, as a tool for fighting poverty and promoting sustainable development in its three dimensions - economic, social and environmental - in a balanced and integrated manner.
 
The UN General Assembly adopted, on 20 December 2018, by consensus the resolution, entitled, "Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection”. The resolution was sponsored by an impressive total of 94 delegations.
 
Sustainable tourism and sustainable development in Central America (A/72/174)
 
In July 2017, UNWTO submitted to the 72nd UNGA the report on “Sustainable tourism and sustainable development in Central America” (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish). The report provides an overview on the ongoing efforts of Central American States to implement programmes to promote sustainable development and sustainable tourism. It highlights the key elements of sustainable tourism such as protecting biodiversity and cultural heritage; the empowerment and promotion of children, women, older persons, persons with disabilities and indigenous and local communities through sustainable tourism; the valuable role of international cooperation; as well as the need to support capacity building and promoting further the development of sustainable tourism, in particular through consumption of sustainable tourism products as well as development of ecotourism.
 
Based on the report prepared by UNWTO the UN General Assembly adopted on 20 December 2017 the resolution entitled, “Sustainable tourism and sustainable development in Central America” (A/RES/72/214) (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish). The resolution recognizes the important role of tourism for the sustainable development of Central American countries.
 
Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection (A/71/173)
 
In July 2016, UNWTO submitted to the 71st UNGA the report entitled “Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection” (available in Arabic, ChineseEnglish, French, Russian and Spanish). The report highlights the role and contribution of sustainable tourism and ecotourism to sustainable development, including the work of the INSTO observatories, and stresses the great potential sustainable tourism provides for implementation of the 2030 Development Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
 
Based on the report prepared by UNWTO the UN General Assembly adopted on 21 December 2016 the resolution entitled “Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection” (A/RES/71/240) (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish) The resolution was sponsored for the first time by an impressive total of 59 delegations representing Member States from all regions and development spectrum.
 
International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development (A/RES/70/193)
 
In December 2015, the United Nations General Assembly declared 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish). This important celebration came 50 years after the International Tourist Year on Tourism - Passport to Peace (1967) and fifteen years after the International Year of Ecotourism (2002).
 
Sustainable tourism and sustainable development in Central America (A/70/215)
 
In July 2015, UNWTO submitted to the 70nd UNGA the report on “Sustainable tourism and sustainable development in Central America” (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish). The report provides an overview on the continuing efforts of Central American States to implement programmes to promote sustainable tourism and sustainable development.
 
Based on the report prepared by UNWTO the UN General Assembly adopted on 22 December 2015 the resolution entitled, “Sustainable tourism and sustainable development in Central America” (A/RES/70/196) (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish).
 
Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection (A/69/223)
 
In August 2014, UNWTO submitted to the 69th UNGA the report entitled “Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism for poverty eradication and environment protection” (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish). The report underlines the importance of appropriate national policies, guidelines and regulations for promoting sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, and encourages UN Member States and regional and international financial institutions to support sustainable tourism projects, enabling the creation of small and medium-sized enterprises, promoting cooperatives and facilitating access to inclusive financial services, including microcredit initiatives for the poor, local and indigenous communities.
 
Based on the report prepared by UNWTO the UN General Assembly adopted on 19 December 2014 the resolution entitled “Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection” (A/RES/69/233) (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish). The resolution, which is significantly broader in scope than previous ones on the subject, recognized the contribution of sustainable tourism to poverty eradication, community development and the protection of biodiversity.
 
Sustainable tourism and sustainable development in Central America (A/68/278)
 
In August 2013, UNWTO submitted to the 68th UNGA the report on “Sustainable tourism and sustainable development in Central America” (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish). 
 
The report was elaborated and submitted in accordance with resolution (A/RES/66/196) entitled “Promotion of ecotourism for poverty eradication and environment protection” adopted by the UN General Assembly on 22 December 2011 (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish).
 
Based on the report the UN General Assembly adopted on 20 December 2013 the resolution entitled, “Sustainable tourism and sustainable development in Central America” (A/RES/68/207) (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish).
 
Promotion of ecotourism for poverty eradication and environment protection (A/67/228)
 
In August 2012, UNWTO submitted to the 67th UNGA the report entitled “Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism for poverty eradication and environment protection” (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish).
 
The report was elaborated and submitted in accordance with resolution (A/RES/65/173) entitled “Promotion of ecotourism for poverty eradication and environment protection” adopted by the UN General Assembly on 20 December 2010 (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish). Based on the responses from 48 Member States, the report provides an overview of developments since 2010, namely the inclusion for the first time of tourism in the outcome document of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (RIO+20) and the results of the 11th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biodiversity.
 
Based on the report prepared by UNWTO the UN General Assembly adopted on 21 December 2012 the resolution entitled “Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection” (A/RES/69/233) (available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish). The resolution was sponsored by 105 delegations and unanimously adopted (see UNWTO press release) calls on UN Member States to adopt policies that promote ecotourism highlighting its “positive impact on income generation, job creation and education, and thus on the fight against poverty and hunger”.