How to respond to climate change is an issue of great importance for the global tourism sector. How can the tourism industry, highly dependant on a healthy environment, increase its resilience towards climate change and at the same time do its part to reduce its energy footprint?

How to respond to climate change is an issue of great importance for the global tourism sector. How can the tourism industry, highly dependant on a healthy environment, increase its resilience towards climate change and at the same time do its part to reduce its energy footprint?

STREAM (‘Sustainable Tourism through Energy Efficiency with Adaptation and Mitigation Measures’) develops and implements holistic, innovative approaches to low carbon tourism development in Pangandaran, a popular tourist destination on the southern coast of Java, Indonesia, chosen due to its vulnerability from the impact of climate change. Building on the achievements of a previous UNWTO biodiversity conservation project in Pangandaran, STREAM marks a continuation in tourism development in the region based on active local participation.

Tourism activities in Pangandaran, such as swimming, surfing and diving, all rely on the well-being of the natural surroundings. Minimizing the environmental impacts on the area therefore marks a crucial long-term investment for the many local  tourism stakeholders.

By demonstrating the opportunities offered by climate change mitigation and adaptation measures, and how these can strengthen the local structures for sustainability in a  tourism destination, the project goal is for STREAM to function as a lighthouse example on reaction to climate change to be replicated for other destinations in Indonesia and beyond.

Activities on the ground

The STREAM Project includes both adaptation and mitigation components, all embedded in a framework of baseline creation, data collection, wider awareness raising, capacity building for key stakeholders, monitoring and evaluation and replication of best practices - aimed at stimulating multiplier effects.


Climate change mitigation measures aim to reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions, in the case of STREAM those from the tourism sector. STREAM mitigation activities include:

  • Awareness campaign on energy efficiency and renewable among tourism stakeholders
  • Capacity building on energy saving measures and energy efficiency with local hotel managers and staff
  • Data collection and baseline data creation of tourism related energy profile in Pangandaran
  • Implementation of pilot energy efficiency and renewable energy measures to showcase feasible solutions for hotels and restaurants.


Although carbon emissions can be reduced by mitigation, climate change processes cannot be stopped or slowed down immediately. Adaptation measures are an effort to adapt to climate change impacts that occur naturally, either by minimizing the level of destruction or taking the opportunity to create innovation. Adaptation measures within the framework of the STREAM includes:

  • Community awareness program  introducing climate change issues and the importance of coastal ecosystem protection
  • Mangrove planting and rehabilitation along with supporting infrastructure: accessing platforms made of bamboo and a mangrove learning center
  • The Mangrove Ambassador Programme - actively involving local school children in environmental education, planting, monitoring of the mangroves
  • Coral reef restoration and capacity building on coral reef ecosystems and protection with local tourism guides, dive operators and fishermen

Mangrove planting


  • Concept for upscaling to a national level through training of trainers from other Indonesian destination management officers (DMOs), along with the dissemination of best practices and lessons learnt
  • Development of  a Green Energy Tour Package - spreading awareness about climate change impacts and solutions among the tourists in Pangandaran, and channel tourism revenues into continued environmental conservation

Key Partners

Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Indonesia

The Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy is responsible for the management and development of culture and tourism in Indonesia, and the focal governmental agency in Indonesia for the STREAM project.

adelphi, Germany

adelphi is a non-profit think tank based in Germany, acting as an international expert for energy, climate and development projects. Within the STREAM project, adelphi functions as a technical partner.

Indonesia Ecotourism Network (INDECON)

INDECON is a non-profit organization working on the development and the promotion of ecotourism in Indonesia.Within the STREAM project, INDECON functions as a technical partner.

Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR)

IESR is a NGO in Indonesia that works in the area of energy and climate change, with activities on policy advocacy, public campaign, capacity building, research and tehnical advisory services.

Local Partners

STREAM also involves the participation of the Provincial Government of West Java, the Local Government of Ciamis Regency, and the Local Working Group in Pangandaran. 

STREAM Brochure (2011)

glish (405 KB)

Bahasa (405 KB)






Guidebook to Implement and Maintain an Energy and Climate Management System in Hotels (2014) [17.65 MB]

Local Climate Change Adaptation Guide for Pangandaran (2014) [13.33 MB]






Mangrove Monitoring Book (2013) [2.19 MB]






Guide for Visiting Coral Reefs in Pangandaran (2013) [3.5 MB]






Practical Guidelines for Climate Change Actions in Tourism Destinations: the Case of Pangandaran (2014) [2.28 MB]




The STREAM project is part of the International Climate Initiative (ICI), supported by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag.